## What are the Odds?

You are given a natural number N and two coins. You can set the probabilities of getting heads or tails on both coins as you wish. You are then asked to generate a random number uniformly distributed on the set \(\{ 1, 2, ..., N \}\). The catch is that you must have a *finite upper bound* on the number of coin tosses you use.

Lets clarify the requirements of the riddle by a simple example. Say N=6. Setting the probabilities for the coins to \(\frac{2}{3}\) and \(\frac{1}{2}\) will do the trick, as we can generate a number uniformly distributed on the set \({ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 }\) with a maximum of 3 tosses of the two coins (can you see how?).

### Harder Version

Solve the same riddle but with a single coin, instead of 2 coins.